Folk Dances of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu, a southern state in India has a key part in making new dances and dance specialists.The Tamil Nadu Dance has a recognized appeal that reflects the unblemished pith of the antiquated craftsmanship and culture of the district. It has a rich history of specialty of excitement. The three modes of excitement grouped as Iyal (Literature), Isai (Music) and Nadagam (Drama) had their roots in the country society theater like Theru Koothu (Street play). Numerous manifestations of aggregation and distinct hits the dancefloor with the established shapes for notoriety and sheer excitement quality.
This southern state has made the most praised folk dances of the planet. Such folk dances are performed for the most part throughout the nearby jamboree festival by the neighborhood individuals.
Kamandi or Kaman Pandigai
Kamandi is an extremely otherworldly folk dance form of Tamil Nadu. Kamandi is likewise renowned in the name of Kaman Pandigai in provincial territories of Tamil Nadu. Kamandi folk dance is a lovely delineate of a notable occasion of Purans. This people move is dependent upon a religious occasion the smoldering of God of affection “Manmada” to cinders by fury of master Shiva. This folk dance performed throughout religious celebrations and fairs in the state of Tamil Nadu. Villagers separated individuals in two aggregations to perform this delightful people move. Both of assemblies are regarded as Erintha Kathi and Eriyatha Katchi.
In this Kamandi dance form there are two generally paramount characters Kaman and Rati. Both of the characters perform this delightful symbolization in wonderful way. Dance performers wear vivid fitting fabrics and jewellery during their dance performance. Kamandi folk dance is not just well known in villages or rustic parts of Tamil Nadu additionally it come to be extremely enthralling part of urban ranges as well. Kamandi is a part of life in rustic tribal territories of Tamil Nadu.
Devarattam – In Kailash, wedding of Lord Siva and Goddess Parvathi was celebrated with the dance by Paradise excellencies Urvasi, Ramba and Thilothama. After the dance was over, Nandi Bhagavan, Carrier of Lord Siva proudly bragged his capacity as expert of the Miruthanga, an instrument utilized for Bharathanataya. Keeping in mind the end goal to through out the pride of Nandi Bhagavan, Lord Siva made another instrument and asked Nandi to play the instrument. Yet astonishingly Nandi was not equipped to play the instrument. Indeed, Devas couldn’t perform any music out of it. At that point Lord Siva favored the capacity to tune the instrument to his exceptional wreath (Erukilam Flower) creator and requested him play the instrument that festoon producer play the instrument and raised the tune “Om” and “Sakthi” hence it persistently raise the music like Omsakthi, Omsakthi. On listening to the motivating music, Devas immediately performed the Dance in an astounding state. Indeed, the couple Lord Siva and Goddess Parvathi included and joined in the move execution. That Dance is called “Devarattam”. The instrument which is almost always utilized for raising lyric tunes is called ” Devadundubi” Devarattam has 18 fundamental steps which were unfolded to 72 extra steps and performed in antiquated days. Anyway now just 30 steps in vogue.
The term Kummi is taken from the Tamil word “Kommai,” which means “to move while praising your hands.” This is a type of move in which the ladies move in assemblies, singing tunes to the Kummi moves.
The performers of the dance stand in a ring on floor and applaud their hands consistently with the beat of the dance. They move in a ring with their hands making motions speaking to farming exercises. One of the ladies leads the singing group while whatever remains of the gathering consumes the chorale. Every individual renders another line in turn and they quit moving when they all get tired.
Men likewise partake in a portion of the local varieties of Kummi dance. In this sort of dance, the men hold little sticks in their grasp and form a structure of ring, encasing the ladies’ round inside. The men beat their sticks together in synchronization with the hand cheering of the ladies and the move steps, making an excellent knowledge of melody, move, and musicality.
There is no specific outfit for Kummi move. The adolescent young ladies wear Pavadai chattai, the teens wear Pavadai dhavani, and the grown-up ladies wear sarees. The move steps are modest and redundant: the ladies stand in a round, hold hands, push ahead, twist down and praise their hands. Indeed, youthful youngsters can study this move in the vicinity of two months and can move on their own without needing any support.
Some kids say that it is troublesome to study the melodies by heart, as the Tamil statements utilized as a part of these tunes are not usually utilized. As facial outflows additionally assume a paramount part in Kummi move, it is indispensable to comprehend the statements to the tunes before moving.
Kolattam, inferred from the word Kol( a little stick), and Attam (play) is the name of a beguiling Tamil dance honed by gatherings of adolescent young ladies. A celebration associated with this craftsmanship has both a social and a religious importance. Consistent with legends, once there existed an Asura called Basavasura who couldn’t be regulated by anyone. A few young ladies joined together in a gathering, headed off to this Asura and played Kolattam with enchanting music. The Asura was so satisfied with the celestial music and grace of the young ladies, that he surrendered all his wicked outlines. This has since been praised as Kolatta Jothrai in various places in Tamil Nadu.
“Basava” -the bull, the embodiment of Shiva is the focal point of the Kolattam celebration, beginning each year on the new moon day of the October-November and consummation on the full moon day. Every day, young ladies sit in water to soak at a young hour in the morning in the sacred streams and they get a handful of grass and water in a minor compartment and come back to the spot where they have commissioned the mud symbol of Basava. The young ladies then offer the grass to ruler Basava, spot the water close to the bull and love. While playing Kolattam the young ladies visit a few houses in the village to play Kolattam in every house. On the purnima day, planned for the drenching of Basava, the young ladies wearing new dress setting the Basava in an enlivened palanquin at last inundate it in a waterway. In each phase of the celebration, every young lady has one stay in each of her hands and the stick in the hand of every young lady is struck against those of the different young ladies in pivot, transforming excellent music.
Karagatam Or Karagam Dance
Karagattam is the blending of 2 divide word – Karagam & Aattam. Karagattam is a pot made of bronze ware and Aattam is the Tamil word for people move. Karagam might be comprehensively partitioned into 2 divisions. Karagam is the most well known dance form in Indian state of Tamil Nadu.Karagattam is likewise known by other name regarded as Karagam. This antiquated dance style is performed in distinction and acclaim of praise to goddess Mariamman. In this excellent folk dance the entertainers uses a water pot which they set it on their head delightfully. Generally this Karagattam dance was carried out in routes, for example the Aatta Karakam which is executed with the adorned pot on the heads and this move shape speaks to the indications of joy, excitement and euphoria inasmuch as the other one is Sakthi Karakam which is executed just in the sanctuaries energetic about religious offerings.
This move is performed by the fans in commendation of the sprinkle goddess Mariamman. The enthusiasts need to accompany a certain set of standards & Procedures before performing Sakthi Karagam. The entertainer needs to essentially embrace fasting for 42 Days with perfect figure and mind and on the last day convey Karagam to waterway and fill the pot with immaculate water. It then must be improved with the accompanying things.
Coconut & Lemon on the top of the pot
Two Saplings of coconut on either side of the Pot
Flower embellishment around Karagam
Sacrosanct Kum, Chand & Turmeric to wonderfully it still more.
This brightened Karagam is acknowledged as the goddess Amman herself & kept in the sanctuary to the venerated by the Villagers for 3 days.
This sorts of Karagam is for the most part enlivening in nature. This sort of Karagam dance is particularly performed to uncover the deftness & multifaceted abilities of the entertainer.
Mayil Attam or Peacock Dance
Mayil Attam speaks of the peacock move. Mayil Attam is a religious and aesthetic dance which is carried out in distinction of Lord Subrahmanya. This folk dance is normally performed by females who dress themselves in generally wonderful peacock structure clothing types. In addition this move structure is essentially executed in Hindi temples of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Likewise in this folk dance the entertainer guise her through and through in peacock look. Indeed, she wears a mouth so more look of peacock could be benefited. This bill could be opened or shut as it is tied with an assistance of string and is even utilized as a part of some particular move structures just.
Mayil Attam dance form initially began in Tamil Nadu area and performed more often than not by the provincial ladies in distinction of Lord Subrahmanya. In this folk dance dancers are just experts and are seen as it is exceptionally hard and requires noteworthy preparing and studying. Besides in this move the young ladies are dressed as peacocks and even wear peacock feathers with nose in front. The dress is all seen in sparkling shape from head to toe. Indeed, they append a tall bit of wood at the finish of their feet as they don’t wear whatever viable foot frill in this way not to move on unshod they connect this bit of wood.
Paampu Attam Or Snake Dance
Paampu Attam move is well known in its state Tamil Nadu and is extensively performed by the young village ladies. This dance symbolization has been begun by the rural people who recognize snake as a paramount part in their existence. Additionally these individuals treat wind as a Hindu god Murugan. Moreover this folk dance type of Tamil Nadu is typically executed by the youthful young ladies who very nearly dress themselves in tight fitting thin outfits. The dress a greater amount of resemble a snake skin dress and even the developments done in the move are essentially comparable as the snake do.
In southern locale and in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, a people’s dance reputed as Paampu Attam is exceptionally celebrated around the world and is broadly performed by the country society ladies. This dance form is even distinguished as Snake dance and has been started from the notoriety of snake which is acknowledged as a defensive heavenly nature. Also this folk dance is carried out particularly by the rural ladies who recognize this dance symbolization as a manifestation of securing and defending the delight and strength of them.
The Tamils were dependably in intrigued by music, dramatization and theater and left no stone unturned in spreading the enormity of their craft and society. Music specifically has been the strength of the Tamil rulers and move was a major part of this.Dancers stand in a row and perform the dance to rhythmic music with intricate footwork and graceful gestures. Oyil implies excellence or classiness in Tamil and Aatam implies dance – along these lines, Oyilaatam stands for a stylish move. As the name goes, this is an extremely smooth move that started in the Southern areas of Tamil Nadu – Madurai, Tirunelveli and Trichy. Then again, in the later days this move is turning into a normal sight onto every part of Tamil Nadu. Their costumes include a coloured sash (cloth belt) around our hips, a coloured turban or ribbon on our heads and bells on our feet. Nowadays, both men and women perform this dance
Puliyaatam is the oldest dance form of villages of Tamil Nadu.Puliyaatam in its correct interpretation implies the “Tiger Dance” and is an exceptionally extremely popular folk dance of Tamil Nadu. This is likewise polished in the neighboring states of Kerala and Karnataka. With the type of tigers itself coming to be uncommon in India, this move remains a grave indication of the being of our national creature. Each time we see the execution of a Puliyaattam in one of our villages, we should take a vow to do everything we can to recover the nearing wiped out tigers. Tamil Nadu has dependably been a state rich in society and legacy. Puliyaatam was one around the numerous folk dances that form a part of this wonderful society. This has been rehearsed for quite a while and go once again to a couple of hundreds of years back.
Puravai Attam or Poikkal Kuthirai Aattam
Puravai Attam otherwise called Poikkal Kuthirai, is a dummy horse show. The horse is made of jute, cardboard, paper, and glass. The show is performed by men and also ladies
Poikkal Kuthirai Aattam Dance is one of the eleven moves performed by Madhavi, a character in Silappadikaram. This work was composed in the second century and is one of the old stories of the Tamil dialect. The references to Poikkal Kuthirai Aatam Dance can likewise be discovered in the epic Tholkaapiam..
The primary fascination is the lavishly beautified cardboard stallion. The dance specialist uses this as his dress. He gets into it through the gaps made in that and looks as though he is riding on horse back. Wooden stilts are attached to the dance specialist’s feet and these could be effectively utilized just after months of experience. The reason for utilizing the stilts is to avoid the dance expert from being hurt by snakes or scorpions.
This move is performed by a couple of dance lovers imitating a lord and monarch. Now and again, they enjoy in gymnastics and they enthrall the society for a long time together.
Bommalattam or Puppet Show
Vagrant entertainers, epic reciters, storytellers, picture-player, and jokers had came to be famous since the tenth century A.d. after the breakdown of established custom. Since puppets were utilized to depict divine beings and heroes, Bommalattam was extremely famous throughout India’s medieval period. Huge swarms might accumulate and fill the roads to watch the exhibitions. The puppeteers, being nomad craftsmen, were dependably show in village showcases and fairs on the events of urban and religious capacities, and additionally for significant family unit occasions.
Numerous various types of puppets are utilized for this show -material, wood, calfskin, and so forth. They are controlled through strings or wires. The persons stand behind a screen and the puppets are held in front. The stories established in the puppet shows are from Puranas, legends and fables. These shows are extremely diverting and hold both grown-ups and children enthralled for numerous hours.
There are two types of universal puppetry drilled in Tamil Nadu: Bommalattam (string puppetry) and Thol Bommalattam (shadow puppetry).
Theru Koothu is a folk theatre performed in the open throughout temple celebrations of Rain goddess Mariyamman and Draupathyamman in villages of Tamilnadu particularly North Arcot, South Arcot and Thanjavur Districts. Ensembles make-up and music assume huge parts in the performance. The topics are ordinarily drawn from Mahabharata. Some well known things on the Theru koothu collection incorporate Draupathy Vastraparanam (uncovering of Draupathy) Karna Moksham (annihilation of Karna), Prahalada Charithram (story of Prahalda), Bagiratha Prayathanam (Bagiratha’s enterprises to carry Ganges earth) Kandavavana Thaganam and so on. Different subjects on making social cognizance are likewise organized. The musical instruments utilized incorporate Harmonium, Mirudangam, Mugaveena, Kanjara and Thaala.
The most distinguishing characteristic of Theru Koothu is the part played by Kattiyakkaran, the Buffoon or the conversationalist who presents all characters for first manifestation. Where ever the story can’t be depicted by performance he advances the story with exposition.
Theru Koothu is not just a medium of amusement for folk society it is additionally a custom connected with the Draupathy temples spotting country Tamilnadu where the most recent day of Mahabharatha Koothu transforms into a custom killing Duryodhana took part by the villagers.
Sevai Attam is performed by village society having a place particularly to Nataka group. It is a dance style dedicated to “Thirumal” (Maha Vishnu). In prior days this was performed at the back of a chariot parade either of a ruler or a god.
Dancers form a group with one of them acting the clown, move to the music of percussion instrument like ‘Urumi’. The established tunes and the measured steps with agile developments are the extraordinary characteristics of Sevai Attam. In the works of Sangam this had been regarded as ‘Pinther Kuruvai’.
Urummi Attam is a artistic expression of temple discovered just in some villages in a couple of locale of Tamil Nadu. This dance is particularly performed in Amman sanctuaries throughout the month of ‘Adi‘. The buzzing sound of “Urumi” furnishing the song and the beat of the “Thappu” giving the musicality, go with the dance sequence.